Christopher Joyce http://wcbe.org en Underwater Meadows Might Serve As Antacid For Acid Seas http://wcbe.org/post/california-experiments-fix-acidifying-oceans The world's oceans are changing — chemically changing. As people put more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the oceans absorb more of it, and that's making the water more acidic.<p>The effects are subtle in most places, but scientists say that if this continues, it could be a disaster for marine life.<p>In fact, some scientists have taken a glimpse of what a more acidic ocean might look like. Tue, 15 Jul 2014 10:10:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 59483 at http://wcbe.org Underwater Meadows Might Serve As Antacid For Acid Seas Dance Of Human Evolution Was Herky-Jerky, Fossils Suggest http://wcbe.org/post/dance-human-evolution-was-herky-jerky-fossils-suggest A trio of anthropologists has decided it's time to rewrite the story of human evolution.<p>That narrative has always been a work in progress, because almost every time scientists dig up a new fossil bone or a stone tool, it adds a new twist to the story. Discoveries lead to new arguments over the details of how we became who we are.<p>But anthropologists generally agree on this much: A little more than 2 million years ago in Africa, the human lineage emerged. Fri, 04 Jul 2014 07:37:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 58892 at http://wcbe.org Dance Of Human Evolution Was Herky-Jerky, Fossils Suggest Maybe Dinosaurs Were A Coldblooded, Warmblooded Mix http://wcbe.org/post/maybe-dinosaurs-were-cold-blooded-warm-blooded-mix If you go to a zoo on a cold day and watch the snakes, you'll see what it means to be <a href="http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/image_galleries/ir_zoo/coldwarm.html">coldblooded</a>. Not much action going on — most reptiles and other coldblooded creatures take on the temperature of their surroundings, so they tend to be most sluggish when the outside temperature is cool. The monkeys, however, act like they've had one too many cappuccinos. Thu, 12 Jun 2014 18:03:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 57640 at http://wcbe.org Maybe Dinosaurs Were A Coldblooded, Warmblooded Mix Spiders Tune In To Web's Music To Size Up Meals And Mates http://wcbe.org/post/spiders-tune-webs-music-size-meals-and-mates <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0EkEsTafD38</p><p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kjh7bQSc8ag</p> Tue, 10 Jun 2014 07:48:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 57464 at http://wcbe.org Spiders Tune In To Web's Music To Size Up Meals And Mates Scientists Find Africa's Longest Land Migration: Zebras' 350-Mile Trek http://wcbe.org/post/scientists-find-africas-longest-migration-zebras-350-mile-trek Wildlife biologists have discovered the longest known terrestrial migration in Africa: some 350 miles across southern Africa by huge herds of zebras. Large mammal migration in Africa has generally been hindered by the subdivision and fencing of land. However, this one remains possible because it takes place in a unique, multi-country wildlife corridor. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Thu, 29 May 2014 21:16:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 56923 at http://wcbe.org Hybrid Trout Threaten Montana's Native Cutthroats http://wcbe.org/post/hybrid-trout-threaten-montanas-native-cutthroats Many parts of the U.S. have been getting warmer over the past several decades, and also experiencing persistent drought. Wildlife often can't adjust. Among the species that are struggling is one of the American West's most highly prized fish — the <a href="http://www.nrmsc.usgs.gov/research/WCT">cutthroat trout</a>.<p>In springtime, you can find young cutthroats in the tiny streams of Montana's Shields Basin. Tue, 27 May 2014 21:09:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 56758 at http://wcbe.org Hybrid Trout Threaten Montana's Native Cutthroats Scientists Discover Carbon Cycle Is Out Of Whack http://wcbe.org/post/scientists-discover-carbon-cycle-out-whack Scientists who track carbon say the way it cycles from the atmosphere back to earth and into plants and animals has apparently changed. It could be the whole planetary carbon treadmill is speeding up. Thu, 22 May 2014 17:07:31 +0000 Christopher Joyce 56472 at http://wcbe.org Former Commando Turns Conservationist To Save Elephants Of Dzanga Bai http://wcbe.org/post/former-commando-turns-conservationist-save-elephants-dzanga-bai <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5kGVqDmYZhI</p> Fri, 09 May 2014 07:34:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 55703 at http://wcbe.org Former Commando Turns Conservationist To Save Elephants Of Dzanga Bai Civil War Invades An Elephant Sanctuary: One Researcher's Escape http://wcbe.org/post/civil-war-invades-elephant-sanctuary-one-researchers-escape Ivory poachers are killing some 22,000 African elephants a year. Among the recent casualties was a group of rare <a href="http://www.birds.cornell.edu/brp/elephant/cyclotis/cyclotis.html">forest elephants</a> in the Central African Republic.<p>Those elephants were featured in an NPR program, Radio Expeditions, in 2002, when former NPR host and correspondent Alex Chadwick and sound engineer Bill McQuay went to central Africa to <a href="http://blog.allaboutbirds.org/2014/05/07/elephant-npr-sounds-video/">record them</a>.<p>The Central African Republic was peaceful back then. Thu, 08 May 2014 07:02:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 55641 at http://wcbe.org Civil War Invades An Elephant Sanctuary: One Researcher's Escape A T. Rex Treks To Washington For A Shot At Fame http://wcbe.org/post/t-rex-reveal-itself-smithsonian This week, scientists at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History will start unpacking some rare and precious cargo. It's something the Smithsonian has never had before — a nearly complete skeleton of a Tyrannosaurus rex.<p>Most people don't know it, but the T. rex that's standing tall in the Natural History Museum in Washington, D.C., is a fake — a cast, a copy of the bones. It's an accurate replica, but for decades the Smithsonian has coveted a real skeleton of a T. Wed, 16 Apr 2014 07:43:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 54380 at http://wcbe.org A T. Rex Treks To Washington For A Shot At Fame Methane-Producing Microbes Caused 'The Great Dying' http://wcbe.org/post/methane-producing-microbes-caused-great-dying Transcript <p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Steve Inskeep.<p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And I'm David Greene. Good morning. The biggest extinction the Earth has ever seen took place 250 million years ago and it remains something of a mystery. Scientists suspected giant volcanoes or perhaps an asteroid caused it, but NPR's Christopher Joyce has seen new research suggesting the cause might not have been so cataclysmic - maybe something much more subtle.<p>CHRISTOPHER JOYCE, BYLINE: It's sometimes called the Great Dying. Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 53613 at http://wcbe.org The 500-Pound 'Chicken From Hell' Likely Ate Whatever It Wanted http://wcbe.org/post/500-pound-chicken-hell-likely-ate-whatever-it-wanted For the past decade, dinosaur scientists have been puzzling over a set of fossil bones they variously describe as weird and bizarre. Thu, 20 Mar 2014 08:31:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 52955 at http://wcbe.org The 500-Pound 'Chicken From Hell' Likely Ate Whatever It Wanted Changing Climate In Argentina Is Killing Penguin Chicks http://wcbe.org/post/changing-climate-argentina-killing-penguin-chicks There's a patch of seashore along the coast of Argentina where hundreds of thousands of penguins make their home. It's called <a href="http://penguinstudies.org/">Punta Tombo</a>. Dee Boersma, a conservation biologist at the University of Washington, has been going there for 30 years, and she's discovered that a changing climate is killing those penguins.<p>I <a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1315147">visited</a> Boersma in 2003 for NPR's Radio Expeditions program. She literally lived amid the colony, the world's largest group of Magellanic penguins. Fri, 31 Jan 2014 14:07:18 +0000 Christopher Joyce 50388 at http://wcbe.org Changing Climate In Argentina Is Killing Penguin Chicks When Big Carnivores Go Down, Even Vegetarians Take The Hit http://wcbe.org/post/when-big-carnivores-go-down-even-vegetarians-take-hit Big, fierce animals — lions and tigers and bears, for example — are relatively scarce in nature. That's normal, because if you have too many, they'll eat themselves out of prey.<p>But top predators are now so rare that many are in danger of disappearing. That's creating ripple effects throughout the natural world that scientists are still trying to figure out.<p>What they're exploring is ecology — the interplay of animals and plants in nature. It's not rocket science. Fri, 10 Jan 2014 08:00:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 49336 at http://wcbe.org When Big Carnivores Go Down, Even Vegetarians Take The Hit Looks Like The Paleo Diet Wasn't Always So Hot For Ancient Teeth http://wcbe.org/post/looks-paleo-diet-wasnt-so-hot-ancient-hunters-teeth One of the hinge points in human history was the <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2013/07/08/198453031/farming-got-hip-in-iran-some-12-000-years-ago-ancient-seeds-reveal">invention of agriculture</a>. It led to large communities, monumental architecture and complex societies. It also led to tooth decay.<p>When hunter-gatherers started adding grains and starches to their diet, it brought about the "age of cavities." At least that's <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/02/24/172688806/ancient-chompers-were-healthier-than-ours">what a lot of people thought</a>. Mon, 06 Jan 2014 20:22:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 49129 at http://wcbe.org Looks Like The Paleo Diet Wasn't Always So Hot For Ancient Teeth Federal Flood Insurance Program Drowning In Debt. Who Will Pay? http://wcbe.org/post/federal-flood-insurance-program-drowning-debt-who-will-pay Millions of American property owners get flood insurance from the federal government, and a lot of them get a hefty discount. But over the past decade, the government has paid out huge amounts of money after floods, and the flood insurance program is deeply in the red.<p>Congress tried to fix that in 2012 by passing a law to raise insurance premiums. Now <em>that</em> move has created such uproar among property owners that Congress is trying to make the law it passed disappear.<p>Caught in the middle is the <a href="http://www.fema.gov/">Federal Emergency Management Agency</a>. Wed, 01 Jan 2014 08:03:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 48911 at http://wcbe.org Federal Flood Insurance Program Drowning In Debt. Who Will Pay? Centuries Before China's 'Great Wall,' There Was Another http://wcbe.org/post/centuries-chinas-great-wall-there-was-another The Great Wall of China, built more than 2,000 years ago, stands as one of the monumental feats of ancient engineering. Stretching thousands of miles, it protected the newly unified country from foreign invaders.<p>But before the Great Wall, warring Chinese dynasties built many other walls for protection. Sun, 29 Dec 2013 10:04:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 48774 at http://wcbe.org Centuries Before China's 'Great Wall,' There Was Another More People Have More To Eat, But It's Not All Good News http://wcbe.org/post/more-people-have-more-eat-its-not-all-good-news Among the things to celebrate this holiday season is the fact that there are fewer hungry people in the world. Just how many? Well, since 1965, researchers in Europe have been tracking the world's food supply and where it's going.<p>The good news is: The percentage of the world's population getting what the researchers say is a sufficient diet has grown from 30 percent to 61 percent.<p>In 1965, a majority of the world survived on less than 2,000 calories a day per person. This was especially true in parts of the Middle East, Africa, Latin America, China and Southeast Asia. Thu, 26 Dec 2013 08:18:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 48652 at http://wcbe.org More People Have More To Eat, But It's Not All Good News Scientists Battle Over Fate Of Yellowstone's Grizzlies http://wcbe.org/post/scientists-battle-over-fate-yellowstones-grizzlies Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>The North America's grizzly bear is protected under the Endangered Species Act. Its population was virtually wiped out in the lower 48 states. One group of bears, though, may soon lose that protection - the Yellowstone grizzly. Some scientists say that group is thriving. Others disagree. NPR's Christopher Joyce has more on the battle over the bear.<p>CHRISTOPHER JOYCE, BYLINE: The U.S. Fri, 13 Dec 2013 12:52:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 48027 at http://wcbe.org Long Island Wins Ultimate Faceoff Against Hurricane Sandy http://wcbe.org/post/long-island-wins-ultimate-faceoff-against-hurricane-sandy Hurricane Sandy last year did more harm to coastal cities and homes than any hurricane in U.S. history, except Katrina. Most of that damage has been repaired. But there's other damage that people can't see to the underwater coastline, known as the shore face.<p>Apparently, Long Island's shore face did remarkably well against the storm of the 21st century.<p>The shore face is the underwater slope that runs up to the shore. Its shape influences how fast and high water moves onto land. Sandy pushed water up the shore face and into towns and bays. Thu, 12 Dec 2013 22:48:00 +0000 Christopher Joyce 48002 at http://wcbe.org Long Island Wins Ultimate Faceoff Against Hurricane Sandy