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6:52 am
Fri June 27, 2014

Study Shows Impact Of Electric Vehicles On Climate Change

Credit wikipedia

Carbon emitting vehicles are among the primary sources of the greenhouse gases that fuel global climate change.

A new study shows the use of electric vehicles can make a difference. The state is revisiting its policy on electric vehicles. Ohio Public Radio's Andy Chow reports.

With a growing number of electric vehicles on the road, America is on its way to eliminating a huge amount of climate-changing pollution. That’s according to a report released by Environment Ohio, which says adding more electric vehicles to the road would be equivalent to taking 78,000 carbon emitting trucks and cars off the road by 2025.

The group’s Nate Lotze says Ohio could follow the lead of other states which have implemented policies to encourage electric vehicle use.

Lotze: “Georgia for example offers up to a $5,000 tax credit. Washington State offers sales tax exemptions. And the bill sponsored by Representative O’Brien would also offer financial incentives to own and drive these cars.”

Democratic Representative Sean O’Brien of Hubbard says his bill will—in the end—make these electric vehicles and cars that run on compressed natural gas more affordable to more Ohioans.

O’Brien: “I mean that’s one of the biggest drawbacks—especially with compressed natural gas is the price of the vehicle and the conversion kit. What we’re trying to do here is get that cost down.”

O’Brien’s bill passed the Republican-dominated House unanimously. While policymakers are trying to encourage the purchase of electric, CNG and other fuel-efficient cars the U.S. Department of Transportation is working on a different problem.

Federal officials say the Highway Trust Fund is being drained rapidly. This is revenue directed back to the states for road construction – and it comes from the gas tax. If more and more people own these alternative vehicles, then less people would pay less gas taxes, which would mean even less money for the Highway Trust Fund. O’Brien says his bill includes a tax on CNG vehicles.

O’Brien: “We feel that if a vehicle’s on the road it should pay for the infrastructure as well as everyone else.”

When it comes to electric vehicles, Cynthia Maves with Clean Fuels Ohio says other states have come up with new fees that would make up the difference of lost revenue.

Maves: “Virginia has put in place a certain amount of dollars—I think it’s $100 that they’re taxing the electric vehicles. Oregon is right now developing a pilot project where they’re using vehicle miles traveled to charge the non-petroleum fueled cars accordingly.”

In the report—Environment Ohio included a call for the state to implement a Zero Emission Vehicle program which requires automakers to sell more electric cars.